Abbreviations and acronyms are useful tricks in communication. They occur in every language and certainly also in English. Whether you’re writing an email or typing quickly on your smartphone, short words or expressions make life easier – and more fun!
Abbreviations are simply the result of word abbreviations (eg about instead of about) and are easy to understand, but acronyms can be a bit confusing and less intuitive. They consist of the first letter of each word in a sentence and are often capitalized, creating a new expression – LOL, for example, is an acronym for Laughing Out Loud.
English acronyms can be used in both formal and informal contexts; so it is absolutely necessary for English speakers to at least recognize and understand them. And of course, if you want to use them yourself, it helps to write a little bit faster – you’ll sound accomplished right away! Here are 10 very common English acronyms you should know:
BRB is really something you can say in any context, but this acronym is mainly used in conversations with friends. WhatsApp back and forth with your buddy and your father suddenly have to speak to you? Don’t worry, let your friend know: BRB.
This one might freak you out if it’s in an email from your boss. When you read “can you finish this ASAP?” well, then get to work quickly, because your deadline is As Soon As Possible – a little euphemism for “now” or even “last Thursday”!
You’ll find these on many meeting invitations, from weddings and parties to office gatherings and meetings. As with many English expressions, this comes from French and stands for Répondez s’il vous plait – it’s simply a request to respond and either confirm or cancel your presence.
The same invitation where you were asked for an RSVP can say that the meeting is To Be Confirmed, so you don’t have to book your taxi yet! For example, topics can also be mentioned in the minutes of a meeting: To Be Discussed.
ETA is actually a very common acronym in the transportation world. It refers to an Estimated Time of Arrival. However, feel free to use it if you want to specify what time you will be somewhere (“Yes, I know we’re meeting at 6 PM, but I’m afraid my new ETA is going to be 7 PM…”)
This acronym is really strange. It sounds like an alien’s name or like a kid-friendly expression for “poo.” Unfortunately, it’s less entertaining – DOB stands for Date Of Birth and you’ll usually find it on forms that require you to enter personal information.
Who doesn’t have a few opinions that should definitely be shared with others? This will let you know quickly! In My Opinion precedes such an opinion, or the even more polite IMHO which stands for In My Humble Opinion.
This acronym can be especially useful if you like to give nicknames – The Boss, aka ‘my mother’”. Also known as comes in handy if you’re being a little cheeky, for example: “To the customer for the smartest person here, aka ‘Me’”.
If you are such a handyman and like to repair electricity or redecorate your house yourself instead of using a company, know that you are a Do It Yourself person.
Picture it for a second: it’s Friday and your friends are going out for a night, but you’re tired and you really don’t want to be late. So you’re thinking about not going. And then it starts to itch, because afterwards you might regret that you missed this legendary outing. Exactly this feeling is FOMO – Fear Of Missing Out.
Geography: 50 States of United States
- Wyoming - Introduction Wyoming (abbr.: WY or Wyo), state of the United States of America, 253,597 km2, with 453,000 inhabitants, capital: Cheyenne. Physical Geography Wyoming is one of the highest states in the United States (average altitude 2000 m). The lowest point (945 m) is in the northeast, where the Belle Fourche exits the state. Wyoming is...
- Wisconsin - Introduction Wisconsin (abbr.: WI or Wisc.), state of the United States of America, 145,438 km2 (excl. share of the Great Lakes), with 4.8 million inhabitants; capital city: Madison. Physical Geography Wisconsin is predominantly a gently undulating landscape, clearly showing the hallmarks of the Pleistocene ice cover. The older subsoil is covered by thick packs of...
- West Virginia - Introduction West Virginia (abbr.: WV or W.Va.), state of the United States of America, 62,629 km2, with 1.7 million inhabitants; capital city: Charleston. Fiscal Geography The state is predominantly closed in shape with narrow panhandles to the north and east. Located in the Valley and Ridge Region of the Appalachian Mountains, the eastern spur has...
- Washington - Introduction Washington (abbr.: WA or Wash.), state of the United States of America, bordered by Canada (British Columbia), Idaho, Oregon (border river: Columbia River) and the Pacific Ocean (partly: Strait Juan de Fuca, Straits of Georgia and Puget Sound), 176,617 km2, with 4.8 million inhabitants; capital: Olympia. Physical Geography Extending from south to north along...
- Virginia - Introduction Virginia (abbr.: VA or Va.) state of the United States of America, 105,716 km2, with 6.1 million inhabitants. (48 inhabitants per km2); capital city: Richmond. Physical Geography The eastern part consists of a 100 km wide and sandy coastal plain with many lagoons and in the south on the border of North Carolina a...
- Vermont - Introduction Vermont (abbr.: VT or Vt.), state of the United States of America, 24,887 km2, with 563,000 inhabitants; capital: Montpelier. Physical Geography Nearly the entire state is occupied by geologically ancient mountain formations, the Green Mountains (highest point Mount Mansfield, 1,339 m), which are a continuation of the easternmost fold ridge of the Appalachians. To...
- Utah - Introduction Utah (abbr.: UT or Ut.), state of the United States of America, 219,932 km2, with 1.8 million inhabitants; capital city: Salt Lake City. Physical Geography Utah forms the transition area of three landscape types of the United States: The western part is formed by the edge of the Great Basin, a drainless dry plateau...
- Texas - Introduction Texas (abbr.: TX or Tex.), state of the United States of America, 692,407 km2, with 17 million inhabitants; capital city: Austin. Physical Geography Texas consists of three plains, which rise in terraces to the west. The approximately 250 km wide coastal plain is parallel to the strongly articulated coast. The rivers have formed deep...
- Tennessee - Introduction Tennessee (abbr.: TN or Tenn.), state of the United States of America, 109,412 km2, with 4.9 million inhabitants; Capital: Nashville. Physical Geography Tennessee consists of six different areas, the first three of which belong to East Tennessee: 1. The eastern mountain region along the eastern border, mainly formed by the Unaka and Great Smoky...
- South Dakota - Introduction South Dakota (abbr.: SK or S.Dak.), state of the United States of America, 199,552 km2, population 696,000; capital: Pierre. Fiscal Geography South Dakota is part of both the Central Lowlands and Great Plains of the United States and is divided into an eastern and a western part by a highland called the Coteau de...