A crossword puzzle is a game or pastime that consists of filling in the gaps in a picture with letters. To find out which letter should be written in each space, the crossword indicates the meaning of the words to be read vertically and horizontally. The idea, therefore, is that the completed crossword template presents a series of words that can be read vertically and horizontally and that intersect with each other.
- Abbreviationfinder: Find definitions of English word – Advertising. Commonly used abbreviations related to word are also included.
How to complete a crossword
To begin to complete a crossword, the person must read the two lists of definitions that the puzzle presents: one corresponding to the vertical sense and another for the horizontal sense. The template or drawing is divided into white squares (where you have to write the individual letters) and black squares (which serve to separate the words).
Thus, when reading a definition and knowing the word, the participant has to enter the crossword, writing a letter in each white box of the corresponding space. In this way, little by little the game will be completed.
Crossword puzzles are often found in newspapers
Types of crosswords
There are several variants of crossword puzzles, such as the syllabic crossword (which must be completed with one syllable per box, and not a letter), the character crossword (which includes a photograph of a personality to complete their name and surname) or the crossword white (no black squares, since the participant must discover where the spaces are located).
Crossword puzzles are usually published in newspapers and magazines, although there are also publications and books that are dedicated exclusively to this game that first appeared in the New York World in December 1913.
History of crosswords
The origin of crossword puzzles dates back to the 1st century. The first crossword puzzle was found in the ruins of Pompeii and is known as a sator square.
Sator’s Square, the first crossword puzzle
Later, well into the 19th century, a man known as Hyperion published the famous double diamond puzzles; They were games of a mental nature that were very similar to current crossword puzzles (with small squares where the user had to intertwine the words until they found the correct combination). These posts are believed to have been made over several years.
Years later a game would emerge that was deeply inspired by the sator square and that consisted of a four by four grid with some clues so that users could find the answers; however, this entertainment was not very successful.
Finally, Arthur Wynne, an English journalist published in the New York World the first crossword puzzle, as we know it today. It was called “word-cross” although a few years later the term by which we still know this entertainment was coined.
The fundamental elements of a crossword puzzle are: the grid (white cells with small numbers that are associated with the references) and the references (they are usually located at the bottom of the page and consist of a series of very concise definitions that allow the user to link a word with the space available to complete the grid).
It is important to mention that the references are divided into two parts, those corresponding to the grid read horizontally, and those corresponding to the vertical distribution.
The words are chosen in such a way that those boxes shared by two words have a letter that is the same for the position of both terms, the horizontal and the vertical, in this way, as the grid is filled it is easier to find the words that are missing.
These hobbies are usually recommended for those people who are easy to forget things since it keeps their minds awake and helps them associate concepts. They are usually published alone in magazines called crosswords or crossword puzzles and also in newspapers and magazines; in some cases these crossword puzzles are thematic.